The American Bison
The American bison is a large hoofed mammal (or ungulate) that is found in the plains of the United States and Canada. Although sometimes called buffalo, the American bison is not related to water buffalo or African buffalo, which are the only true buffalo in the world.
Male The American Bison are slightly larger than females. But both male and female The American Bison heads are larger in size with smaller curved horns and a succulent beard.
Bison are herbivores, who feed on the prairie land grass throughout the year. They will usually rest during the day and graze in the morning and evening. The Bison also need to find water every day.
However, The American Bison tend to rate some natural predators of their size, such as wolves, mountain lions and bears attacking very young or very old bison. In some areas, people legally hunt bison or raise them for their meat and skins. However, there are some protected herds that live in national parks and reserves.
During the mating season (June to September), male bison will use their large heads to butt each other in their efforts to gain women’s attention. The bison female gives birth to a single calf in April or May of the following year.
The Bison and call newborn calves to have a red, light brown coat and lack the hump typical of adult bison. They begin to turn brown after a few months and develop humps.
The calves are born for 8 months and become fully independent by the age of 1 year. Male The American Bison do not participate in the rearing of calves.
So how do you tell the difference between buffalo and Bison?
The American Bison have large humps on their shoulders and larger heads than buffalo. They also have beards, as well as thick coats that they shed in the spring and early summer.
Another simple way to distinguish a buffalo from a bison is to look at its horns. Cape buffalo horns resemble a handbag big mustache. They have a thick, helmet-like base and curl down, then back up.
The horns of a water buffalo are large, long and curved. while the horns of a buffalo are generally sharper and shorter than those of the average buffalo.