Severe, pugs with a prescribed approach are strong and easy to care for, but it is notable that they do not do well in hot, humid climates and should be watched carefully for heatstrokes.
Pug at a glance
The pug dog breed
The pug’s major eyes are easily injured and care must be taken to keep them moist.
Men: 14-18 lbs.
Female: 14–18 lbs.
Height on Withers:
Male: 11 in.
Female: 12 inches.
Brachycephalic (squashed face), floppy ears (naturally)
Exercise Requirements: 20 minutes / day
Energy Level: Average
Longevity range: 12-15 years.
Drool tendency: low tendency to snore: high
Bark trend: Medium
Digging tendency: Low Social / Attention Requirements: High
Color: Apricot – Black, black muzzle or mask, all with black ears
Overall grooming requirement: Medium
AKC Classification: Toy
UKC Classification: companion dog
Pug is a member of the toy group despite its solid form.
Their height is 10 to 11 inches and weighs from 14 to 18 pounds (six to eight kilograms). They are square dogs with sufficient limbs. The Pugs are the largest dog in the toy group, with their muscular heritage.
Pugs are known for their large, round heads, with small kinds of music and broad forehead wrinkles. The wrinkle on the forehead resembles the Chinese character for “Prince”. And as such it is known as “prince mark”. The eyes are somewhat dilated, which causes them to be shocked. The tail curls tightly above the hip.
They have a short, but a very dense double coat. Colors can range from apricot to fawn, silver, and black. All but the black dogs have a black mask and ears behind them. Those who turn black at the back. The ears look like black velvet.
Pugs are not lively socializing. Some of the toy breeds are. They are slightly more serious, with a dry feeling. The motto of the breed is “multi in parvo”, which means a small lot, with a dog in a small package. Pugs can be stubborn. But want to please in general.
These are largely retracted dogs, usually not given for extensive barking, digging, or chewing. Pugs get on well with other dogs. And enough to meet with children. They enjoy the company. And can be quite affectionate. True to their group, they are good companion dogs.
It is very easy to keep a step. And has a serious tendency to become obese. Unless their diet and exercise are carefully watched. With a short muzzle, they do not do well in hot, moist weather. And must be watched carefully for heatstroke. Pugs snore. Again resulting in smaller muzzles. Major eyes are easily injured. And care should be taken to keep them moist. The legs are very strong. And often live to the age of 14 or 15 years.
Pugs do best with daily exercise to help with their weight problems. Despite their heroic alarm, they are not usually great sentinels. A newcomer prefers to greet new people with tails instead. Steps should be socialized to maintain that outgoing nature. And they do well with other pets.
Grooming is important, both to shed off the thick coat and to keep facial wrinkles clean. Instant daily grooming, even a swipe with a hound mitt, is usually gentle with a wet cloth for the coat and for the face.
Although the pug is often associated with Holland. The breed originated in China, possibly down to one of the local Mastiff-type dogs. Small dogs with round heads and expressive facial wrinkles were then taken to Holland via Dutch East India Company merchant ships. In 1572, a pug sounded an alarm that saved Prince William from contacting Spanish soldiers. And later the breed was forever tied to the royal family of Orange.
Napoleon’s wife already had a pet step. And the Duke and Duchess of Windsor also had a pug as a royal companion. Victorian England took pugs as the latest rage in canine fashion and many pugs can be seen in paintings of that era.
The word “pug” can come from the Latin “Pugnus” for fist. Probably describes the round face and head. The name does not fit the nature of the breed, as they do not actually protect dogs. But first and foremost are designed as companion dogs.